Over the last three decades well over half a trillion dollars has been disbursed as aid to education through bilateral and multilateral agencies. New global campaigns seek to massively elevate levels of aid to education and quadruple its volume and transform education systems that have so far proved resistant to change. National investment has combined with external assistance to help some low income countries transform their education systems. In other countries progress has been disappointing raising the question as to whether more aid of the same kind will make a difference in future. Comparative educationists have an opportunity to give voice to their different experiences with development aid to identify those approaches that are more effective at accelerating sustainable educational development and which are likely to reduce long term aid dependence in the future.