For the first time, equity is at the heart of international development goals. The Sustainable Development Goal related to education (SDG 4) calls for inclusive and equitable quality education for all, encompassing not only gender parity in equal access to school but also “persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations”.
Greater equity and inclusion in education cannot be achieved without better data and analysis on the most marginalised populations. Yet today, many groups remain invisible in statistics at the national and global levels. As the official data source for SDG 4, the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) regularly produces indicators, tools, standards and methodologies to guide countries in their data collection, analysis and dissemination.
This handbook, produced in collaboration with FHI 360, Oxford Policy Management and the Research for Equitable Access and Learning (REAL) Centre at the University of Cambridge, proposes standard approaches and practical guidance in collecting information on educational equity. It addresses knowledge gaps while presenting a conceptual framework to measure equality in learning, offering practical guidance on calculating and interpreting indicators. The handbook also analyses the current situation in 75 national education systems, providing concrete examples in improving equity in education and recommendations for better data coverage to target the most disadvantaged groups. Lastly, the role of government spending is analysed to shed light on the groups that are most likely to benefit and how resources could be redistributed.
To better design policy interventions, countries need solid evidence. This handbook provides the tools needed to produce high-quality, disaggregated data that are essential to ensure no one is left behind.
For more information:
Amy Otchet: email@example.com
UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS)