Educational planner, particularly interested in policy, planning, management and financing of African education systems and international (especially Commonwealth) educational co-operation and student mobility. Founding Secretary (now Hon President) of the Commonwealth Consortium for Education, long-time member of the Council for Education in the Commonwealth’s £xecutive (presently Secretary of CEC’s Support Group for the Commonwealth Scholarship Plan) and a founder member of UKFIET. Planning Adviser Kenya, Ghana Ministries of Education 1966-72;Lecturer/Professor of Education in Developing Countries, Institute of Education in London 1973-84;Director of Education, Commonwealth Secretariat, 1984-94. Many consultancies. Served on national education commissions in Botswana, Namibia, The Gambia and Zimbabwe.